Turin, Torino in Italian, is a major city and cultural center in northern Italy, specifically in the Piedmont region. It is located mainly on the left bank of the river Po which is surrounded by the Alpine Arch. The population of Torino city constitutes over 909,000 people (as of November 2008), while the population of the whole urban area is about 1.7 million people.
Other names for Torino are “the Capital of the Alps” and “the Automobile Capital of Italy.”
Torino is an interesting and often overlooked city. Famous for the Shroud of Turin and Fiat auto plants, Torino has a lot more to offer. From its Baroque cafes and architecture to its arcaded shopping promenades and museums, Torino is a great city for wandering and exploring. Torino hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics and makes a good base for exploring nearby mountains and valleys.
Torino is often called “the cradle of Italian liberty.” The reason for this is that Torino is the place of birth for many well-known politicians who participated in the “Risorgimento” – the Reunion of Italy. Torino also used to be the first Italian capital in 1861 and the home to the House of Savoy – royal family of Italy. Modern Torino has some of Italy’s best universities, academies and colleges, e.g. the Polytechnic University of Torino.
The city of Torino has a rich culture and history. It is best known for its museums and art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera houses and theatres, parks and gardens, libraries and so on. The prominent architecture is mostly baroque, rococo, neo-classical and Art Nouveau. The most renowned museums located in Torino are the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana. Altogether, Torino is among the world’s top 250 tourist destinations. Modern Torino is one of Italy’s major centers for industry. Along with Milan and Genoa, it is the part of the “industrial triangle.”